Oxygen (O2) is one of the most commonly found non-metallic elements on the planet earth. It is said to constitute 21% of the planet earth’s atmosphere by volume. It is a highly reactive and will readily form oxides with most elements and compounds. O2 (diatomic oxygen) is formed when two elements of the element bind under standard temperature and pressure. Diatomic oxygen, henceforward referred as oxygen) comprises of almost half of earth’s crust occurring as oxides. It provides energy which is released in combustion and aerobic cellular respiration. However, oxygen required for industrial and medical applications must be processed using cryogenic distillation or adsorption technologies via an O2 plant & liquid nitrogen plant since the air also contains other elements.
Fundamental building block of life
O2 is also found in major classes of organic molecules found in living beings such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats. The non-metallic element is also constituent in inorganic compounds of animal teeth, shells, and bone. It is an undeniable fact that most of the mass of living beings is oxygen as a component of water, which is the most significant constituent of life-forms. And, it is continuously replenished by photosynthesis, which makes use of energy of sunlight to generate oxygen from water and carbon dioxide. Considering its biological necessity, it is but natural that oxygen supplementation is use s in medicine. Health conditions like emphysema, pneumonia and heart disorders (congestive heart failure) are treated with oxygen therapy.
Advantages of installing oxygen gas plant
It is estimated that one hundred million tonnes of O2 is extracted for industrial applications annually using two methods. Cryogenic distillation is the most commonly used method that uses liquefaction of air and distilling nitrogen as a vapor. There are many benefits of installing an oxygen gas plant (oxygen plant manufacturers) as compared to getting oxygen for running your operations from a nearby oxygen gas supplier. First of all, getting oxygen cylinders is costly and there is always risk of delays. Oxygen is crucial for hospitals and delay in obtaining it at a time of emergency might endanger someone’s life. For industrial operations, it will waste time and resources which will ultimately impact the margins. By installing an oxygen plan your organization will get assured supply of oxygen 24*7 and a storage system can also be configured for keeping backup. Although installing the plant is capital-intensive but its long-term benefits is worth every bit of the expenditure incurred.
Industrial applications of oxygen
Oxygen (O2) is extensively used across wide range of industries. It is estimated that 55% of all commercially produced oxygen is consumed in smelting of iron ore into steel. It is injected into molten iron for removal of sulfur impurities and carbon excess as respective oxides, SO2 and CO2. Chemical industry consumes 25% of industrially produced oxygen for creating ethylene oxide which is converted into ethylene glycol, the main material for making numerous products including antifreeze and polyester polymers. The remaining 20% of commercially produced oxygen is used in medical applications, metal cutting and welding, water treatment, etc.